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Researches in Africa



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Research is a process of steps used to collect and analyze information to increase our understanding of a topic or issue”. It consists of three steps: Pose a question, collect data to answer the

Researches in Africa Description

Research is a process of steps used to collect and analyze information to increase our understanding of a topic or issue”. It consists of three steps: Pose a question, collect data to answer the question, and present an answer to the question.Generally, research is understood to follow a certain structural process, the following steps are usually part of most formal research, both basic and applied:

  1. Observations and Formation of the topic
  2. Conceptual definition: Description of a concept by relating it to other concepts.
  3. Operational definition: Details in regards to defining the variables and how they will be measured/assessed in the study.
  4. Gathering of data
  5. Hypothesis: A testable prediction which designates the relationship between two or more variables.
  6. must be valid and reliable.
  7. Analysis of data: Involves breaking down the individual pieces of data in order to draw conclusions about it.
  8. Data Interpretation: This can be represented through tables, figures and pictures, and then described in words.
  9. Test, revising of hypothesis
  10. Conclusion, reiteration if necessary

There are two major types of research design: qualitative research and quantitative research.

Qualitative research

This type of research aims to investigate a question without attempting to quantifiably measure variables or look to potential relationships between variables. It is viewed as more restrictive in testing hypotheses because it can be expensive and time consuming, and typically limited to a single set of research subjects.

Quantitative research

Asking a narrow question and collecting numerical data to analyze utilizing statistical methods. The quantitative research designs are experimental, correlational, and survey.Statistics derived from quantitative research can be used to establish the existence of associative or causal relationships between variables. Quantitative research is linked with the philosophical and theoretical stance of positivism.

Original research

Original research is research that is not exclusively based on a summary, review or synthesis of earlier publications on the subject of research. This material is of a primary source character. The purpose of the original research is to produce new knowledge, rather than to present the existing knowledge in a new form

Artistic research

Artistic research is to investigate and test with the purpose of gaining knowledge within and for our artistic disciplines. It is based on artistic practices, methods and criticality. Through presented documentation, the insights gained shall be placed in a context.” Artistic research aims to enhance knowledge and understanding with presentation of the arts.For a survey of the central problematics of today’s Artistic Research.One of the characteristics of artistic research is that it must accept subjectivity as opposed to the classical scientific methods.

 

 


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